BEERSE, Belgium, July 25, 2014 /PRNewswire/ --
Janssen-Cilag International NV (Janssen) announced today that the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) adopted a positive opinion recommending the granting of a marketing authorisation for IMBRUVICA™ (ibrutinib) in the European Union. The recommendation is for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), or adult patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) who have received at least one prior therapy, or in first line in the presence of 17p deletion or TP53 mutation in patients unsuitable for chemo-immunotherapy. The positive opinion of the CHMP was based on data from the Phase 3 (RESONATE™ PCYC-1112) and Phase 1b-2 (PCYC-1102) studies in CLL, and the Phase 2 study (PCYC-1104) in MCL.
To view the Multimedia News Release, please click:
Ibrutinib is being co-developed by Janssen and Pharmacyclics Switzerland GmbH. Once approved, Janssen will market ibrutinib in EMEA (Europe, Middle East, Africa) as well as the rest of the world, except for the United States, where both companies co-market it.
MCL is a rare and aggressive type of B-cell lymphoma that can be challenging to treat and is associated with a poor prognosis., CLL in most patients is a slow-growing blood cancer, starting from white blood cells (called lymphocytes) in the bone marrow. Chromosomal abnormalities deletion 17p (del17p) and TP53 mutation are associated with aggressive, treatment-resistant disease.
Ibrutinib is a novel, investigational compound that could offer a new approach to treating these blood cancers, as part of a class of medicines called Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase (BTK) inhibitors. Studies have shown ibrutinib works by blocking BTK, a protein that helps certain cancer cells live and grow.
"We are working to bring new therapies to patients living with complex and challenging-to-treat blood cancers. We've been closely collaborating with the CHMP on the IMBRUVICA submission and are delighted to receive the positive opinion earlier than expected. There is a high unmet medical need and recent clinical trials have demonstrated positive results for IMBRUVICA," said Jane Griffiths, Company Group Chairman, Janssen, Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA). "The CHMP opinion brings us one step closer to offering new treatment options for CLL and MCL patients."
CLL Study and Efficacy Results
RESONATE™ (PCYC-1112) is a Phase 3, multi-centre, international, open-label, randomised study that examined ibrutinib monotherapy versus ofatumumab monotherapy in relapsed or refractory patients with CLL (n=391).
The results from the study showed single agent ibrutinib significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and overall response rate (ORR) in this difficult-to-treat patient population, regardless of baseline characteristics.
The median PFS in the ofatumumab arm was 8.1 months and was not reached in the ibrutinib arm because progression events occurred more slowly. The PFS results represent a 78 percent reduction in the risk of progression or death in patients treated with ibrutinib compared to ofatumumab. The OS median was not reached in either arm, but the results represent a 57 percent reduction in the risk of death in patients receiving ibrutinib versus those in the ofatumumab arm. Results were consistent across all baseline sub-groups, including those with del17p.
MCL Study and Efficacy Results
The efficacy of ibrutinib in patients with relapsed or refractory MCL was evaluated in an open-label, multi-centre, single-arm Phase 2 study (PCYC-1104) of 111 treated patients. A response rate of 68 percent was observed, with a complete response rate of 21 percent and a partial response rate of 47 percent. With a median follow up of 15.3 months, the median duration of response was 17.5 months; the median progression-free survival was 13.9 months.
CLL and MCL Safety Results
The most commonly occurring adverse reactions (≥ 20%) were diarrhoea, musculoskeletal pain, upper respiratory tract infection, bruising, rash, nausea, pyrexia (fever), neutropenia (abnormally low number of white blood cells) and constipation. The most common grade 3/4 adverse reactions (≥ 5%) were anaemia, neutropenia, pneumonia and thrombocytopenia (low platelet count).,
The CHMP's positive opinion will now be reviewed by the European Commission, which has the authority to grant marketing authorisation for medicines in the European Economic Area. A final decision on ibrutinib by the European Commission is anticipated later this year.
About the CHMP
The CHMP is the committee responsible for the scientific assessment of products seeking centralised marketing authorisation throughout the European Union. The positive opinion for ibrutinib is now referred for approval to the European Commission (EC) who will decide on whether to follow its guidance and grant authorisation for commercialisation of ibrutinib.
Ibrutinib is a Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor. BTK is an important protein involved in mediating the cellular signalling pathways which control B cell maturation and survival. In malignant B cells, there is excessive signalling through the B cell receptor (BCR) signalling pathway, which includes BTK. The malignant cell ignores the natural signal to die and continues to develop and proliferate. Malignant cells migrate and adhere to protective environmental areas such as the lymph nodes where they proliferate and survive.,- Ibrutinib is specifically designed to target and inhibit BTK. Ibrutinib forms a strong covalent bond with BTK, which inhibits the excessive transmission of cell survival signals within the malignant B cells and stops their excessive build-up in these protected environmental areas., Ibrutinib is an investigational agent being studied alone and in combination with other treatments, in several blood cancers including CLL, MCL, Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (WM), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), follicular lymphoma (FL) and multiple myeloma (MM).
IMBRUVICA® received approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in November 2013 for the treatment of patients with MCL and in February 2014 for the treatment of CLL, in patients who have received at least one prior therapy. IMBRUVICA® is also approved in Israel for the treatment of adult patients with MCL who have received at least one prior therapy.
About Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL)
CLL is a slow-growing blood cancer of the white blood cells called lymphocytes with a median age of diagnosis of 72., The disease often eventually progresses and patients are faced with fewer treatment options. Patients are often prescribed multiple lines of therapy as they relapse or become resistant to treatments. The incidence rates among men and women in Europe are approximately 5.87 and 4.01 cases per 100,000 persons per year, respectively. CLL is a chronic disease; median overall survival ranges between 18 months and more than 10 years according to the stage of disease.
Deletion 17p (del17p) and TP53 mutation are associated with aggressive, treatment-resistant disease. The deletion results in the loss of a key gene, TP53. TP53 senses the presence of abnormal DNA and triggers either DNA repair mechanisms or cell death and is important in tumour suppression. Approximately seven to 13 percent of patients have del17p or TP53 mutation at diagnosis. However, incidence rises to more than 30 percent in patients who have relapsed or refractory disease. The median predicted survival for patients with the deletion 17p mutation or TP53 mutation is just two to three years.
About Mantle Cell Lymphoma (MCL)
MCL is considered a rare disease, characterised by high unmet need and small patient populations impacting fewer than one in 2,000 people in Europe and with a median age at diagnosis of 65., Median overall survival is typically three to four years, and only one to two years in patients following the first relapse. MCL typically involves the lymph nodes, but can spread to other tissues, such as the bone marrow, liver, spleen and gastrointestinal tract. This challenging disease is associated with poor prognoses.
Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson are dedicated to addressing and solving the most important unmet medical needs of our time, including oncology (e.g., multiple myeloma and prostate cancer), immunology (e.g., psoriasis), neuroscience (e.g., schizophrenia, dementia and pain), infectious disease (e.g., HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C and tuberculosis), and cardiovascular and metabolic diseases (e.g., diabetes). Driven by our commitment to patients, we develop sustainable, integrated healthcare solutions by working side-by-side with healthcare stakeholders, based on partnerships of trust and transparency. More information can be found on http://www.janssen-emea.com. Follow us on http://www.twitter.com/janssenEMEA for our latest news.
Janssen in Oncology
In oncology, our goal is to fundamentally alter the way cancer is understood, diagnosed, and managed, reinforcing our commitment to the patients who inspire us. In looking to find innovative ways to address the cancer challenge, our primary efforts focus on several treatment and prevention solutions. These include a focus on haematologic malignancies, prostate cancer and lung cancer; cancer interception with the goal of developing products that interrupt the carcinogenic process; biomarkers that may help guide targeted, individualized use of our therapies; as well as safe and effective identification and treatment of early changes in the tumour microenvironment.
(This press release contains "forward-looking statements" as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 regarding product development. The reader is cautioned not to rely on these forward-looking statements. These statements are based on current expectations of future events. If underlying assumptions prove inaccurate or known or unknown risks or uncertainties materialize, actual results could vary materially from the expectations and projections of Janssen-Cilag International NV, any of the other Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies, and/or Johnson & Johnson. Risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to: challenges inherent in new product development, including obtaining regulatory approvals; competition, including technological advances, new products and patents attained by competitors; challenges to patents; changes in behavior and spending patterns or financial distress of purchasers of health care products and services; changes to governmental laws and regulations and domestic and foreign health care reforms; trends toward health care cost containment; and increased scrutiny of the health care industry by government agencies. A further list and description of these risks, uncertainties and other factors can be found in Johnson & Johnson's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 29, 2013, including in Exhibit 99 thereto, and the company's subsequent filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Copies of these filings are available online at http://www.sec.gov, http://www.jnj.com or on request from Johnson & Johnson. None of the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies or Johnson & Johnson undertakes to update any forward-looking statement as a result of new information or future events or developments.)
- Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) report. Available at: http://www.ema.europa.eu/ema/index.jsp?curl=pages/news_and_events/news/2014/07/news_detail_002142.jsp&mid=WC0b01ac058004d5c1. Accessed July 2014.
- McKay P, Leach M, Jackson R, et al. Guidelines for the investigation and management of mantle cell lymphoma. Br J Haematol. 2012;159:405-26.
- Williams ME, Dreyling M, Winter J, Muneer S, Leonard JP. Management of mantle cell lymphoma: key challenges and next steps. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk. 2010;10:336-46.
- American Cancer Society. What is chronic lymphocytic leukemia? Available at: http://www.cancer.org/cancer/leukemia-chroniclymphocyticcll/detailedguide/leukemia-chronic-lymphocytic-what-is-cll. Last accessed July 2014.
- Schnaiter A, Stilgenbauer S. 17p Deletion in chronic lymphocytic leukemia: risk stratification and therapeutic approach. Hematol Oncol Clin N Am 2013;27:289-301.
- Akinleye A, Chen Y, Mukhi N, Song Y, Liu D. Ibrutinib and novel BTK inhibitors in clinical development. J Hematol Oncol 2013;6:59.
- Byrd JC, Brown JR, O'Brien S, et al. Ibrutinib versus ofatumumab in previously treated chronic lymphoid leukemia. N Engl J Med. 2014 May 31 [epub ahead of print].
- Wang ML, Rule S, Martin P, et al. Targeting BTK with ibrutinib in relapsed or refractory mantle-cell lymphoma. N Engl J Med 2013;369:507-16.
- Shaffer AL, Rosenwald A, Staudt LM. Lymphoid malignancies: the dark side of B-cell differentiation. Nat Rev Immunol 2002;2:920-32.
- Puri KD, di Paolo JD, Gold MR. B cell receptor signaling inhibitors for treatment of autoimmune inflammatory diseases and B-cell malignancies. Int Rev Immunol 2013;32:397-427.
- Kil LP, de Bruiin MJ, van Nimwegen M, et al. Btk levels set the threshold for B-cell activation and negative selection of autoreactive B cells in mice. Blood 2012;119:3744-56.
- Sukbuntherng J, Jejurkar P, Chan S, et al. Pharmacokinetics (PK) of ibrutinib in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). J Clin Oncol 2013;31(Suppl.):abstract 7056.
- Eichhorst B, Dreyling M, Robak T, Montserrat E, Hallek M; ESMO Guidelines Working Group. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. Ann Oncol 2011;22(Suppl.6):vi50-4.
- Sant M, Allemani C, Tereanu C, et al. Incidence of hematologic malignancies in Europe by morphologic subtype: results of the HAEMACARE project. Blood 2010;116:3724-34.
- Sagatys EM, Zhang L. Clinical and laboratory prognostic indicators in chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Cancer Control 2012;19:18-25.
- Sellner L, Denzinger S, Dietrich S, et al. What Do We Do with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia with 17p Deletion? Curr Hematol Malig Rep 2013;8:81-90.
- Döhner H, Stilgenbauer S, Benner A, et al. Genomic aberrations and survival in chronic lymphocytic leukemia. N Engl J Med 2000;343:1910-6.
- Smedby KE, Hjalgrim H. Epidemiology and etiology of mantle cell lymphoma and other non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes. Semin Cancer Biol 2011;21:293-8.
- Leukemia and Lymphoma Society. Mantle cell lymphoma facts. Available at: http://www.lls.org/content/nationalcontent/resourcecenter/freeeducationmaterials/lymphoma/pdf/mantlecelllymphoma.pdf Last accessed May 14, 2013.
- Goy A, Bernstein SH, Kahl BS, et al. Bortezomib in patients with relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma: updated time-to-event analyses of the multicenter phase 2 PINNACLE study. Ann Oncol 2009;20:520-5.