BILLERICA, Massachusetts, Oct. 8, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Exogenesis Corporation today announced that a series of challenge tests for the Exogenesis Surgical Mask (ESM) achieved its primary endpoints of trapping and deactivating COVID-19 viral particles in simulated real-world exposures.
The Exogenesis Surgical Mask (ESM) is designed to provide protective nose and mouth covering for healthcare workers and patients involved in medical and surgical procedures. The masks are indicated in any procedure or situation where there is a risk of exposure to microorganisms and body fluids. The Exogenesis Surgical Mask (ESM) is not approved for commercial distribution. Management anticipates premarket regulatory filings soon.
Exogenesis ANAB Technology Can Advance Surgical Mask Effectiveness In Deactivating COVID-19
Exogenesis proposes combining ANAB technology with colloidal or nano-copper. ANAB is understood to create a nanotopography which results in a significantly increased surface area, 33% more surface area on each fiber. This newly formed nano-surface allows for colloidal (nano particle) copper to bind to the surface and a second ANAB treatment strengthens this bond. This increase in surface area, therefore, results in an increased barrier area in which viruses could interact with colloidal copper ions. Colloidal copper is spray-coated using a fine-mist sprayer onto the exterior surface of the ANAB-treated mask material. This results in a much greater area of coverage, using less copper than weaved fabric. Face masks and respirators treated with Exogenesis' ANABCuTM would result in the trapping and inactivation of viral particles both to the healthy person breathing in, as well as the infected patient breathing out.
SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Impact on Surgical Mask Development
Coronaviruses are very small in size (~125nm diameter)1 and published data have suggested that sneezing may produce as many as 40,000 droplets between 0.5–12 μm in diameter2 that may be expelled at speeds up to 100 m/s,3 whereas coughing may produce up to 3000 droplet nuclei, about the same number as talking for five minutes.4 SARS-CoV-2 is widely distributed in the air and on object surfaces.5 The main transmission routes for SARS-CoV-2 are respiratory droplets and close contact.6 Respiratory droplets, spatters of virus-laden liquid of varying sizes, 7 expelled like ballistic missiles from the mouth and nose of an infected person, are thought to be the main route. A cough can disperse virus particles 4-to-5 meters (13-16 feet) and a sneeze can project them as far as 8 meters away, depending on humidity, temperature, and airflow. The droplets can cause infection by falling into an eye, nose, or mouth, by being inhaled or getting stuck on a hand and transferred to one of these entry sites. Therefore, in order for copper thread to be effective in inactivating virus particles, copper would need to be weaved into every thread of material on a mask, still limiting the surface area to the physical dimensions of the surgical mask.
Results of Exogenesis Surgical Mask (ESM) "Real World" Challenge Tests
Exogenesis commissioned a series of "real world" challenge studies where COVID-19 viral particles were exposed in aerosol to the surgical mask. The endpoint achieved suggests over a 98% deactivation upon contact and over 98% inhibition of viral transmission through the surgical face mask barrier.
Attributes and Implications for Effectiveness
Copper has long been understood to be a powerful anti-microbial element, killing a wide variety of bacteria and virus species. Copper, unlike other metals such as gold, silver, or stainless steel, has a free electron in its outer shell, making it highly reactive (hence a good conductor), in turn, this free electron allows it to bind easier to microbes and result in an oxidation-reduction reaction. The direct contact of viral particles with copper ions results in the release of free radicals that create holes in the viral coating leading to deactivation. Most importantly, the copper ions seek and destroy the DNA and RNA inside the virus. Recent studies have shown that the virus responsible for the current pandemic, COVID-19 could remain virulent days on surfaces such as glass, plastic, and stainless steel, but is completely inactivated in a matter of minutes on copper.8
About Accelerated Neutral Atom Beam ("ANAB") Technology
Accelerated Neutral Atom Beam ("ANAB") is a low-energy accelerated particle beam that is being commercialized as a nano-scale surface modification technology. ANAB is created by acceleration of neutral argon (Ar) atoms with very low energies under vacuum which bombard a material surface, modifying it to a shallow depth of 2-3 nm. This is a non-additive technology that results in modifications of surface topography, structure, and energy. Medical implants treated with ANAB technology have recently been granted FDA regulatory 510(k) clearances for use in spinal interbody fusion (IBD) devices, as well as implanted hernia mesh.
On October 2, 2019, Exogenesis Corporation Received 510(k) Clearance for the Exogenesis Hernia Mesh, First Soft Tissue Repair Device with Nano-Modified Surface.
Exogenesis is commercializing a platform technology, NanoAccel™, utilizing Accelerated Neutral Atom Beam (ANAB) and Gas Cluster Ion Beam (GCIB) technologies that modify and control surfaces of materials at a nanoscale level. Headquartered in Billerica, Massachusetts, USA, Exogenesis is a private, venture-capital backed company that has developed a proprietary technology to modify and control surfaces without applying a coating or creating sub-surface damage. The company's proprietary technologies are used for surface modification and control in a broad range of biomedical, optical and semiconductor applications.
For more information, please visit www.exogenesis.com.
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Billerica, MA 01821
2 American Journal of Infection Control. 1998;26(4):453–464, Journal of Hospital Infection. 2006;64(2):100–114
3 Wells WF. Airborne contagion and air hygiene. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press; 1955, American Journal of Infection Control. 1998;26(4):453–464
4 Wells WF. Airborne contagion and air hygiene. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press; 1955, American Journal of Infection Control. 1998;26(4):453–464
8 NEJM 382;16
SOURCE Exogenesis Corp.