The Lear's Macaw is one of the nine species that the Foundation has been able to save from imminent extinction thanks to its funding of in-situ and ex-situ conservation projects
SANTA CRUZ DE TENERIFE, Spain, Feb. 27, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- The six specimens of Lear's Macaw (Anodorhynchus leari) born in the Loro Parque Foundation's facilities and moved last August to Brazil for their reinsertion in nature have already managed to adapt to the harsh conditions of their habitat in the Caatinga and are now flying free in the wild. The parrot is one of the most important projects of the Foundation, which has managed to move its category on the Red List of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) from 'critically endangered' to 'endangered'.
The protection and progressive recovery of this species has been a long road and a lot of work, in which is highlighted the work performed ex-situ by the Loro Parque Foundation, to whom the Government of Brazil transferred two pairs 13 years ago, in 2006, with the aspiration that they could raise and save a species that was in a situation similar to that of the Spix's Macaw, now extinct in nature.
In a matter of six months, they managed to help the birds start reproducing and, since then, more than 30 specimens have been bred in Tenerife. However, the Foundation's objective has always been to enable them to return to their natural environment and, once there, to ensure their sustainability. During this time, a total of 15 specimens have been sent, nine of them to participate in the National Action Plan for the conservation of the species, achieving a notable increase in the population.
The last six individuals to arrive in Brazil have spent a period of adaptation in a large aviary based in a natural environment, with plants typical of the ecology of the species and where they have become familiar with the sounds of nature and with the conditions of the area where the Lear's Macaw was previously found.
The nearby palms were provided with large bunches of licuri fruits to avoid them having to make great efforts in the search for food during their first experiences in their natural habitat. Thus, they gradually left the enclosure and found very similar conditions without having to make long journeys.
With this huge breakthrough, the Lear's Macaw has reached one of the most important phases in its recovery, and its integration into the natural environment will continue to be monitored by Brazilian scientists - led by biologist Erica Pacifico, General Coordinator of the release project - who, in direct connection with experts from the Loro Parque Foundation, will continue to monitor the evolution of the process.
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SOURCE Loro Parque Foundation