LONDON, September 19, 2011 /PRNewswire/ --
FTSE 100 CEOs who served continuously in the lead up to, and through, the downturn, are more likely to be penalised for poor share performance, and rewarded when it improves. This is according to research carried out by the Harvey Nash Board Practice, and the London Business School MBA Consulting Team.
The research found that during the period Jan 2, 2006 and Dec 31, 2010 changes in share price explained about 30% of the variation in direct pay of the CEOs, suggesting that it takes longer to judge the contribution CEOs make to the performance of the company, a critical factor to be considered by Non Executive Directors when setting the compensation of the CEO.
The research also revealed that Consumer and Retail organisations had a much higher correlation between CEO pay and share performance than other sectors. About 20% of the change in direct FTSE 100 CEO pay can be explained by share price performance.
Although numerous reports have seemingly failed to show a correlation between CEO pay and share price performance, many of these studies fail to differentiate between the mainly global FTSE 100 companies and small to medium sized enterprises which have their trading activities mainly here in Britain.
London Business School's MBA consulting team's research reveals that correlations do exist, but in very specific circumstances. Factors such as the size and scale of a company, its sector alignment and even the length of service of its CEO are all important in attempting to draw firm conclusions.
When looking at the data on a short-term, year by year basis, the correlation was significantly less, with less than one per cent of changes in CEO pay being explained by share price performance.
Albert Ellis, CEO of Harvey Nash comments,
"The results are striking. They show very clearly that there are significant factors other than share price performance which come into play when Non Executive Directors set CEO compensation and incentives.
The most important finding is that successful FTSE 100 CEO pay in the longer term appears aligned with the success and performance of the company as reflected in the share price over time. Churn at the top of large companies has increased as a result of the financial crisis and therefore there is little or no correlation between remuneration and share price performance in the short term in these organisations.
The top 100 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange are not representative of British business in general. Increasingly London has become one of the most successful capital markets for large global companies, many of whom employ CEOs, Executives and Non Executive Directors from all over the world. It stands to reason that in seeking to attract the very best talent available anywhere in the world to run some of the world's largest and strategically most important companies to the global economy, Boards must offer compensation packages with international purchasing power in either US Dollars or Euros. In addition they must compete with the US, Europe and increasingly now Asia on attractive long term incentive packages. Even "British" FTSE 100 companies BP, Vodaphone Marks & Spencer and Lloyds Banking Group all employ CEOs who are not British born nationals, neither do they live in the UK full time.
When it comes to pay, the distinction between FTSE 100 and small to medium sized British business is also clear. Small to medium sized British businesses are more likely to align their CEO pay with performance even whilst battling extremely challenging market conditions in their home market. Findings taken from the Manifest/MM&K Director Remuneration Survey 2011 show that total remuneration in smaller companies has not grown as fast as in the largest companies.
As the UK's largest publicly quoted head hunter we have worked with our clients throughout the downturn, advising them on Board and Executive appointments, their remuneration and long term incentives. Our experience is that Non Executive Directors are very sensitive to the issues around executive pay and the vast majority particularly in the SME sector have exercised restraint during the financial crisis.
However, let's not lose sight of the greatest challenge facing FTSE 100 Boards which is to attract and retain talented CEOs who have the experience to successfully grow our companies and provide an important solution to the increasing unemployment problem.
It's perhaps time for the Business Secretary to calm the rhetoric on FTSE 100 executive pay and direct the Coalition's resources on getting the real economy moving. Given that all the evidence is that new jobs are created mainly by small to medium sized companies, I call upon the government to focus on measures which stimulate economic growth."
Tim Ward, CEO QCA comments:
"Delivering growth in shareholder value over the longer term is both art and science. It is clear from this research that setting a single performance measure over the short term does not guarantee the creation of value. However the research does show the need to set a range of performance measures, that are geared for the longer term, and that are tailored to each business, its strategy and its operations. Remuneration should be a tool to encourage behaviour. We look forward to more research to help Remuneration Committees in different sectors highlight particular drivers of growth. It is interesting to see that share price performance and CEO pay is more strongly linked in smaller quoted companies than for the FTSE100."
Notes to editor
About the Research
The research was conducted by London Business School's MBA Consulting team during July and August 2011. The team reviewed the published accounts of current FTSE 100 and FTSE SmallCap companies for periods 2006 - 2010 inclusive. For CEO pay, both direct (basic plus bonus) and indirect (deferred benefits such as shares or share options) were taken into account. The share price of each company was analysed to remove the effect of 'general' price rises within the broader market and their industry, to help isolate what affect the CEO had on share price. The relationship between share price performance and CEO pay was analysed in a number of ways:
- How CEO pay influences share price performance the following year
- How share price performance influences the CEO pay for the year
- How share price performance influences CEO pay the following year
- Whether there is a relation between share price change from 2006 to 2010 and CEO pay change for the same period for FTSE 100 and FTSE SmallCap.
About Harvey Nash
Harvey Nash is a global executive and professional recruitment consultancy and trusted advisor to many of the world's leading businesses, governments and public institutions operating from 39 offices covering the USA, Europe and Asia.
The Harvey Nash Board Practice works with Chairmen, Non-Executive Directors, Chief Executives and Board Directors providing a range of services including board recruitment, evaluation and assessment services and remuneration advice.
About the Quoted Companies Alliance
The Quoted Companies Alliance represents the UK's small and mid-cap quoted companies. This sector is defined as those 2,000 companies that are quoted in the UK outside of the FTSE 350. The Quoted Companies Alliance promotes the interests and views of its members to Government, Europe, regulators and other professional bodies, educates its members on best practices and provides a vital forum for networking. Celebrating 19 years in 2011, the Quoted Companies Alliance forms its views through highly focused committees and working groups, made up of directors and professional advisors from across the small and mid-cap quoted company sector. For more information, please visit: http://www.theqca.com
About London Business School
London Business School's purpose is to deliver insights and leaders that have impact. The School is ranked number one in the world for the full-time MBA programme.* In research, the School is ranked top ten and holds the highest average research score of any UK academic institution.**
The School's faculty, from over 30 countries, is grouped into seven subject areas - Accounting; Economics; Finance; Management Science and Operations; Marketing; Organisational Behaviour; and Strategy and Entrepreneurship.
Every summer, London Business School selects six to eight of its top MBA students to form a consulting team, which provides high-quality research and consulting solutions to a wide range of clients.
* Financial Times MBA 2009, 2010 and 2011 Rankings
** Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) 2008
SOURCE Harvey Nash